Emil Orlik, Die Näherin (The Seamstress)
Emil Orlik, On the Victoria Embankment, London
(also known as In the Park)
Of course, not all of those who worked in this style achieved the lasting fame of Nicholson, Vallotton, and Orlik. The German artist Fritz Lang (1877-1961) is hardly known today, though I like the boldness and the humour in my two examples of his work. Lang was born in Stuttgart, where he studied at the art school before completing his studies at the Karlsruhe Academy.
Fritz Lang, Rabbits
Fritz Lang, Man with a cigarette
Daniel Staschus (1872-1953) is even more obscure. Born in Girreniken, he studied at the Königsburg Academy.
Daniel Staschus, Vor Anker (At anchor)
The lack of ready information about some of these intriguing artists is of course intensified as soon as you come to the women. Martha Wenzel (1859-1943) is a case in point. She was born in Lippiany (Lippehne) and died in Merxhausen. Her powerful woodcuts of the early 1900s show a remarkable talent, but as with so many female artists of her day, very little is known about her. When she created my woodcut, Spaziergang, she was living and working in Munich.
Martha Wenzel, Spaziergang (Going for a walk)
For Gertrud Leschner, who was active in Leipzig in the early decades of the twentieth century, I don’t even have dates of birth and death.
Gertrud Leschner, Untitled (View across buildings)
Hans Neumann (1873-1957) and his brother Ernest, the sons of the painter and art critic Emil Neumann, were both woodcut artists associated with the journal Die Jugend, which gave its name to the German Art Nouveau movement, Jugendstil. Hans Neumann is now much the better known of the two brothers, celebrated for his colour woodcuts of landscape subjects.
Hans Neumann, Letzte Sonnenstrahlen (Last rays of the sun)
Hans Neumann, Meeresruhe (Calm sea)
Although some artists such as Hans Neumann continued working in this vein (see Clive's typically eloquent and informative post on Neumann at Art and the Aesthete), this particular style of western woodcut, emerging in the early 1890s, was effectively finished off by the outbreak of WWI.